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What is embroidery?

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honeybee embroidery design

What is embroidery?

Embroidery design is an art that consists of ornamentation by means of textile threads, of a flexible surface, generally a fabric.

The Romans called this opus aluminum ornamentation, by virtue of the resemblance that some of these works have with the bird’s feather. They also called it opus pterygium either because they obtained it from trade with the Phrygians who in turn brought it from the East or because they assumed it was of Phrygian origin and invention. And as a procedure similar to painting was considered in embroidery, they called the embroidered garmentsWith them, gems, pearls, beads, and metallic sequins are sometimes strong. Pliny the Elder attributed to King Attalus I of Pergamum (3rd century BC) the introduction of gold threads in embroidery and for this reason the Romans called the pieces thus embroidered or woven italics amicus and also auriphrygium if they were only embroidered.


old age

There are no embroideries that can be attributed with certainty to the Ancient Age except those of some Coptic fabrics of the Roman era, but there is no doubt that there were excellent ones in Asia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome as testified by true historians and revealed by numerous reliefs and paintings of those times. The invention and the first development of this art must be attributed to the Babylonians since the most famous embroideries in the Ancient Age came from Mesopotamia, as well as from Egypt the fine fabrics and high heddle tapestries, Pliny even saying that the Egyptian loom had defeated Babylon needle for machine embroidery designs.

The Old Testament tells us about the active trade that the Phoenician merchants carried out with oriental wool, silk, and embroidery (Ezekiel, c. 27, verses 16, 18, and 24) and repeatedly tells us about the embroidery that they had to wear and that in reality, they wore the curtains of the Tabernacle and the veils of the temple. Tissues and embroideries in gold are even indicated, which, without a doubt, existed in the times of David and Solomon (seven or eight centuries before King Attalus of Pergamos could invent them) when he mentions the golden garments and the gold fimbria of the main queen (Psalm 44, verses 10 and 14).

Middle Ages

The Byzantine civilization occupies the first place in the history of Zdigitizng machine embroidery designs services during the Middle Ages and the Crusades were the main vehicle of this art for the entire West. It was hardly exercised here in the High Middle Ages, perhaps outside the monasteries, among which that of St. Gall in Switzerland is cited as very active and industrious.

The motifs that appear in the embroideries in the Middle Ages are usually the same as those of the stencils, at first taken from the Persians. Later they mixed with other Christians and they immediately triumphed since the 12th century. In the 13th century, as a result of the chivalric current produced by the Crusades, shields and other chivalric motifs began to be embroidered on the luxurious pieces, and the most ornate, complicated, and best-colored composition was made, increasing from the 14th century the variety Embroidery of different kinds of stitches is used throughout the Middle Ages: past, cross and chain stitch. But the latter is disappearing towards the end of the fourteenth century when the flat point prevails. Gold or silver embroidery, which was the most common with wool until the 13th century, follows the technique of the genre called flat. Since the aforementioned century, the gold thread is mixed with silk, which is gaining ground over the others in the future. The use of sequins in embroidery seems to have been invented by the Arabs, but already in the fourteenth century, it is among the work of the Christians. And since the fifteenth century, a great consumption is made of them, especially in Spain.

Embossed embroidery begins in the 13th century and becomes very common in the second half of the 15th century when it takes on a high-relief character. The true needle painting with completely embroidered figures and with shadows and degradation of inks, imitating painted canvases, does not begin until the fifteenth century, from the middle of which the procedure of nuanced gold was tried in Italy, which soon became common in Flanders and generalized in Spain during the 16th century. In this last century, thread Zdigitizing embroidery product appears that be still very much in use today.

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