One of the most often performed surgical procedures to treat spinal instability, which frequently results from the removal of a worn-out or injured disc, is spinal fusion. Two vertebrae in the spine are joined together by spinal fusion surgery. Numerous health issues, including fractures, infections, disc issues, and more, can be alleviated by the surgery. It can increase mobility and improve quality of life for a lot of people. Spinal fusion, however, requires extensive surgery. There is a protracted period of recovery. Additionally, there are possible side effects and hazards associated with spinal fusion surgery. The advantages and disadvantages of having this surgery should therefore be thoroughly considered before deciding to undergo it. Learning more about the pros and cons of spinal fusion surgery in UAE might reduce your anxiety before the procedure.
PROS of Spinal Fusion Surgery
Fusion surgery, when performed successfully, can increase spine stability by reducing mobility in the afflicted region. Additionally, a stable spine can lessen strain on the facet joints and nerves and reduce the likelihood that subsequent procedures will be required for back pain treatment.
The most evident advantage of a spinal fusion procedure is that it can relieve pain for people who are not benefiting from conservative treatment very well. Surgery to remove a herniated disc and relieve pressure on the spine’s nerves can help patients feel less pain and have less spinal compression, but it can also remove too much bone, which makes the spine less stable. This instability can then result in a lot of motion between the spinal vertebrae, which can be extremely painful. As part of the herniated disc surgery, a surgeon might suggest a spinal fusion to solve this issue. The additional stability the surgery provides significantly enhances the patient’s quality of life after the procedure.
Decreases Need for Future Back Surgery
Future back surgeries may not be as frequently necessary after spinal fusion. Although nonsurgical treatments are prioritised, there is benefit to some illnesses when they are treated surgically. In some instances, spinal fusion may be preferable than decompression surgery, in particular. As a result, the afflicted spinal region is more stable due to the connecting of two discs.
Reduce Spine Deformity
Spinal fusion surgery can treat abnormalities of the spine that could lead to other issues down the road. In order to achieve correct, pain-free movement, the spine must be straight and stable, which is achieved through the fusion process.
Return to Activities
Some persons with displaced discs find that moving causes too much discomfort to engage in hobbies they once loved. You may be able to regain your independence after having a spinal fusion procedure and resume some physical activities that you were unable to do when your spine was in pain.
Restoring Spine Alignment
After undergoing certain corrective procedures, some patients experience abnormal spine alignment. By correcting any deformities that existed prior to surgery and restoring normal spine alignment, fusion surgery can reduce that risk.
CONS of Spinal Fusion Surgery
A spinal fusion procedure may be able to increase your mobility in some cases where pain is severely restricting it. In other situations, a part of your spine loses flexibility as two vertebral pieces are fused together. Most people are willing to sacrifice a small amount of spine flexibility in exchange for pain relief.
Longer Recovery Time
The procedure of fusing the spine involves many steps and complexity. The surgeon will usually remove a bone graft from your body, typically from the pelvis, which necessitates extra incisions, in addition to the spinal surgery that must be performed. A good spinal fusion also often requires more muscle dissection than simple spinal decompression, which can make recovery more difficult and time-consuming.
Your pain won’t necessarily go away after a spinal fusion. The surgery may aid in preventing further curving in people with scoliosis or another condition of the spinal column, but it might not be able to eliminate all of your pain. After spinal fusion, there’s a possibility that you’ll still experience some pain and discomfort.
Possible Adverse Reactions
Even though it’s uncommon, some patients may develop inflammation from the bone graft or bone substitute used to form the fusion, which could result in more scarring and discomfort. Hardware used during surgery might occasionally irritate nerves and result in discomfort.