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Cucumber Farming In India With Complete Information

by devendra01
Cucumber Farming In India With Complete Information

Cucumber is cultivated as a raw vegetable. Cucumber has an important place among all vegetables. It is used more in the form of salad in food. This is because cucumber has the highest water content. Stomach related diseases, pain and stone disease can be relieved by drinking cucumber. Apart from eating, it is also used to make cosmetics. The best thing about this veggie is that it is easily cultivated with Massey tractor 1035 and other efficient machines. 


The cucumber crop is ready to yield in three months, and it can be cultivated in any land, making it very easy for the farmer brothers to grow cucumber. So, if you are also planning to develop cucumber, then in this article, you are being given information about how to cultivate cucumber and earn from cucumber cultivation.

Soil and Climate for Cucumber Cultivation

Cucumber can be cultivated in any fertile land, but a good yield can be obtained by growing it in sandy loam soil. The P.H. of the land for its cultivation should be between 6 and 7. Temperate climates are considered suitable for cucumber cultivation. In India, it is mainly grown during the rainy and summer season.

Apart from this, the frost that falls in the winter season is also unsuitable for its cultivation. The average temperature is required for a good crop of cucumber. Its crop can tolerate a maximum of 40 degrees Celsius and a minimum of 20 degrees temperature.

Improved Cucumber Varieties

Here we are showing some improved varieties of cucumber.

Golden full moon 

This variety of cucumber is grown to give yield in less time. Its crop gets ripe in 45 days. When its plants start producing fruits, then after a few days, the fruits are plucked. Plants of this variety give a yield of 200 to 250 quintals per hectare.

Kalyanpur Green

This variety of cucumber is known for giving maximum and shortest time yield. In this type of plant, the fruits are ready for harvesting after 40 days. When its plants start producing fruits, they start harvesting its fruits daily. This cucumber variety gives a yield of 10 to 15 tonnes per hectare.


The plants of the glacial variety to be ready, which needs to be plucked daily after the fruits are ready. This variety gives a yield of 10 to 12 tonnes per hectare.

Cucumber -75

This variety is grown mainly in mountainous places, which takes 45 to 50 days to prepare. Its fruits are harvested at an interval of two days. This variety gives a yield of 8 tonnes per hectare. Apart from this, Pusa Uday, Straight 8 and others are also some such improved varieties, which have been prepared to give higher yields.

Cucumber Fertilizer Quantity

To prepare the field before harvesting cucumber, deep ploughing is done correctly. Due to this, the remains of the old crop present in the area are destroyed. After this, the field is left open like this for some time. Before planting seeds in the field, 20 carts of old cow dung manure is mixed in the soil by ploughing it with a rotavator as natural manure. For ploughing of cucumbers, farmers can use Massey Ferguson 7250 and rotavator machines. 

After mixing the manure with the soil, water is applied to the field. After this, when the area’s ground appears dry, ploughing is done to make the ground friable. Finally, cucumber seeds are planted on the ridge. Therefore, NPK is in the middle of the weed by preparing the weed in the field. Apart from this, after 30 days of planting plants in the area, spray 20 kg of nitrogen in one acre of field, and after 40 days again spray 20 kilograms of nitrogen, it gives good yield.

Method Of Planting 

Cucumber is harvested at different times according to different climates. For example, in the northern regions of India, it is grown from March to November, and in South India, it is planted only in November. Apart from this, April and May are considered appropriate for their cultivation in mountainous areas.

Cucumber seeds are planted on the bund prepared in the field. For this, keeping a distance of four feet in the area, one to one and a half feet wide, a weir is prepared. Then, seeds are planted on these meadows at a distance of two to three feet. Apart from this, if the farmer brothers want to plant the seeds in the flat field, deep drains are prepared. After this, the seeds are produced at a distance of one foot in these drains. 

Cucumber Irrigation 

Cucumber plants do not require much irrigation. Its plants require only three to four irrigations. During the summer season, its plants need water at an interval of 10 to 15 days. During the rainy season, its plants are irrigated only when required, and in the winter season, it has to be watered once a week. Therefore, using the drip method for cucumber plants is considered good.

Weed Control in Cucumber 

Natural method is used for weed control in cucumber crops. Its plants require only two to three hoeing. The plants are done after 25 days of seed sowing, and the second weeding is done after about 20 days.

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